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How To Embroider


Embroidery How To

Turn ordinary into spectacular. Turn utility into fashion. Turn a blank canvas into magnificent artwork. This is what  decorative sewing  does for all manner of projects including home dcor, fashion, and promotional products.

Historically, embroidery  was performed by ladies at home to embellish pillows, clothing, and wall hangings with decorative thread stitching. Needlepoint, hand sewing, cross stitch, and  fine machine stitching were art forms practiced to create beauty as embellishments of ordinary items.

When the  embroiderer manually moves the fabric according to her own  motif  rather than allowing the machine feed dogs to control movement; it is called free motion  fine machine stitching. Drop the feed dogs. Set the machine for straight stitch. Sew at a moderately slow speed while moving the fabric by hand.

During the early days of computers, punch card machine was used to record stitch patterns to control special sewing  machines . This was the beginning of modern embroidery . Today home  machines  may be embroidery  only or combined sewing and  decorative sewing   machines . Combo  equipment sew many types of stitches, but have special mechanical arms to control embroidery  operations. Commercial  equipment may have as many as 16 needles, but sew only one at a time changing needle positions to change colors.

Stitches may be zigzagged with  fibers  lying tightly side by side to form a satin stitch. Stitches that sew along a line are known as running stitches. Stitches that weave back and forth are often used as fill stitches. Combining these stitch patterns enables the machine to create wonders with thread. When computerized these form  programs. These may be produced manually or automatically in a process called digitizing or computerized embroidery  programming.

Personalization may be achieved with beautiful lettering known as monograms. Logos and motifs make unique projects.

Decorative sewing   design s may be vibrant embellishments or motifs used to decorate on their own; or they may be logo creations used for promotion. Monograms are letters embroidered to provide distinction and personalization.

Three of the most common mediums include polyester, rayon, and metallic  strands . Each fiber type has unique characteristics. Polyester threads  are synthetic, strong, and resilient. Rayon is brighter, a more natural fiber, but less strong. Synthetic metallic  fibers  offer special decorative finishes to enhance many projects.

Fine machine stitching units  are essentially regular straight stitch sewing  equipment with an added embroidery  arm that holds a special hoop. As the needle moves up and down, the  fine machine stitching arm moves the hooped project following pre-determined patterns.

Sewing fields vary depending on the machine as do the hoop sizes. Sizes begin at four inches by four inches, but the current standard for home use is five inches by seven inches. Better home units  offer larger hoops and sewing fields, but commercial units offer even larger ones.

Hoops are manufactured to hold fabric and stabilized projects. To hoop a project, begin by loosening the adjusting screws. Set the larger part flat on a table. Place the fabric and stabilizer over the hoop. Carefully insert the inner hoop pressing it down and smoothing the project. Finally, tighten the screws and attach it to the embroidery  arm. Separate the two parts of the hoop and loosen the outer bracket. Lay the outer part on the table and position the stabilizer and fabric over the hoop. Press the second hoop firmly into place and smooth the project. With the project properly hooped, snug, wrinkle free, and ready to go, install the hoop on the arm and begin sewing.

Patterns often contain multiple colors which are achieved by changing  strands  section by section.



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